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       (1)   Project
       Short Title:Explosives Detection
       Long Title:Explosives Detection Technologies to Protect Passenger Rail
       Description:Passenger rail systems are vital to the nation's transportation infrastructure, providing approximately 14 million passenger trips each weekday. Recent terrorist attacks on these systems around the world—such as in Moscow, Russia in 2010—highlight the vulnerability of these systems. The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is the primary federal entity responsible for securing passenger rail systems. In response to the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act for fiscal year 2008, GAO conducted a technology assessment that reviews 1) the availability of explosives detection technologies and their ability to help secure the passenger rail environment, and 2) key operational and policy factors that impact the role of explosives detection technologies in the passenger rail environment. GAO analyzed test reports on various explosives detection technologies and convened a panel of experts comprised of a broad mix of federal, technology, and passenger rail industry officials. GAO also interviewed officials from DHS and the Departments of Defense, Energy, Transportation, and Justice to discuss the effectiveness of these technologies and their applicability to passenger rail. GAO provided a draft of this report these departments for comment. Four departments provided technical comments, which we incorporated as appropriate.
       Start Date:2007-08
       End Date:2008-08
       Focus:Explosives Detection, Passenger Rail
       Publications:
       Project Page:www.gao.gov/products/GAO-10-898
       Contact Person:Barkakati, Nabajyoti Details
       Project Leader:U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) Details